Jamawar Sarees are a traditional and classic piece of art that has been passed down through generations. It is a symbol of beauty, elegance, and cultural heritage.

The term “Jamawar” comes from the Persian word “Jamavar,” which means “a robe that is worked in patterns.” Jamawar sarees are known for their intricate weaving techniques, and they are usually made of fine wool, silk, or a blend of both.

In this article, we will explore the history, production process, patterns, colors, maintenance, cultural significance, and occasion preference of Jamawar sarees. 


The history and origin of Jamawar saree can be traced back to the Mughal era in India.The Mughal emperors were known to be patrons of the arts, and they commissioned skilled weavers to create intricate designs and patterns in the fabric. 

The word “Jamawar” is derived from the Persian language, which means “robe with flower” or “flower-patterned garment”. 

The fabric was originally used to make shawls and robes for royalty, but over time it became popular for making sarees as well.

Jamawar saree was initially woven in Kashmir by the skilled artisans, who learned the art of weaving intricate designs from the Persian and Central Asian traders who visited the region.

The intricate patterns and designs of Jamawar sarees were a symbol of prestige and wealth, and only the elite class could afford to wear them.

Jamawar sarees were also used as gifts to honor distinguished guests and diplomats, and were considered a symbol of the region’s rich cultural heritage. Over time, the art of Jamawar weaving spread to other regions of India. 


Jamawar sarees have a rich cultural significance in India and Pakistan, where they are considered to be a symbol of elegance, grace, and beauty.

They are a part of India and Pakistan’s artistic heritage, representing the country’s rich cultural and artistic traditions.

They are also believed to bring good luck and prosperity to the wearer. The intricate designs and patterns of the sarees are a testament to the skill and creativity of the artisans who make them.


The production process of Jamawar sarees is a highly specialized and time consuming process that requires skilled artisans who are trained in the art of weaving and embroidery.  

It usually takes several weeks to complete a single Jamawar saree but the resulting sarees are highly valued for their intricate designs, fine craftsmanship, and timeless beauty.

  1. Yarn preparation: The first step in the production of Jamawar sarees involves preparing the yarn for weaving. The yarn is typically made from silk or other natural fibers and is spun into fine threads.
  2. Designing: Once the yarn is prepared, the next step is to create the design for the saree. The designs for Jamawar sarees are highly intricate and detailed. The design is usually created on paper or on a computer, and then transferred onto the fabric using a stencil.
  3. Weaving: The actual process of weaving the saree involves interlacing the threads of the warp and the weft to create a dense and heavy fabric. The weaving process for Jamawar sarees is highly specialized and requires skilled artisans who are trained in the art of weaving.
  4. Dyeing: After the weaving process is complete, the fabric is dyed in the desired color. Jamawar sarees are typically available in a wide range of colors, ranging from bright and bold to subtle and muted.
  5. Embroidery: Once the fabric has been dyed, the intricate designs are embroidered onto the saree using a combination of thread and needlework. This is a highly skilled and time-consuming process, as each individual pattern is created separately and then joined together to create the final design.
  6. Finishing: The final step in the production of Jamawar sarees involves finishing the saree, which includes trimming the edges, adding tassels or other decorative elements, and ironing the saree to give it a polished look.


There are several different types of Jamawar sarees, each with its own unique design and pattern. Some of the most popular types of Jamawar sarees include:

  1. Banarasi Jamawar Sarees: Banarasi Jamawar sarees are made using the Jamawar weaving technique and are known for their intricate designs and patterns.
Source: Shivangikasliwal
  • Kashmiri Jamawar Sarees: Kashmiri Jamawar sarees are made using a combination of silk and wool. They are known for their bright colors and intricate designs.
Source: Sunasa
  • Pashmina Jamawar Saree: Pashmina Jamawar sarees are made from the softest and finest wool fibers, making them incredibly soft and lightweight. 
Source: Urbanwomania


  • Intricate Designs: Jamawar sarees are known for their intricate designs and patterns, which are created using a combination of weaving and embroidery techniques. 
  • Vibrant Colors: Jamawar sarees are available in a wide range of vibrant colors, ranging from bright and bold to subtle and muted. The colors are often chosen to complement the intricate designs and patterns of the saree.
  • Fine Craftsmanship: The production of Jamawar sarees is a highly specialized and time-consuming process that requires skilled artisans who are trained in the art of weaving and embroidery. The resulting sarees are highly valued for their fine craftsmanship and attention to detail.


Jamawar Sarees

Paisley Jamawar Saree is a popular pattern of Jamawar saree that is highly sought after by women across the world.

This pattern is characterized by a teardrop-shaped design that resembles a mango or a floral bud, which is woven into the fabric using a special technique.

The Paisley Jamawar Saree is available in a variety of colors such as red, gold, and maroon, making it a versatile option for a range of occasions.

Another popular pattern of Jamawar saree is the Floral Jamawar Saree. As the name suggests, these sarees feature intricate floral patterns and designs that are woven into the fabric.

These sarees come in a variety of colors, from pastel shades to bright hues, and are perfect for weddings, festivals, and other formal occasions.

Geometric Jamawar Sarees are another popular option. These sarees feature intricate geometric designs and patterns, often featuring symmetrical shapes like diamonds and squares.

They usually come in muted shades like beige, cream, and grey, making them a perfect choice for a range of occasions.

And lastly, the Animal Print Jamawar Saree features animal prints like zebra, cheetah, and leopard, often combined with traditional Jamavar designs.

They come in various colors, from black and white to vibrant hues like red and gold, and are a great option for a modern and edgy look.


Jamawar sarees are versatile and can be worn for various occasions, from casual events to formal occasions.

However, the occasion preference of Jamawar saree often depends on the pattern, color, and embellishment of the saree such as,  for casual and semi-formal events like family gatherings, and daytime parties, floral jamawar sarees, animal print jamawar sarees, and jamawar sarees in lighter colors are preferred. 

Formal events like weddings, receptions, and formal dinners, Paisley Jamawar sarees, Bridal Jamawar sarees, and Jamawar sarees in rich colors like red, gold, and maroon are recommended.

Lastly, for business meetings and office events, geometric jamawar sarees in muted shades like beige, cream, and grey are preferred. 


Jamawar sarees are made from delicate fabrics and intricate designs, so proper maintenance is essential to preserve their beauty and longevity. 

  1. Jamawar sarees should be dry cleaned only. Avoid washing them at home, as the delicate fabrics and intricate embroidery may be damaged in the washing process.
  2. Jamawar sarees should be stored properly in a cool, dry place. Avoid folding them, as this can cause creases and damage to the embroidery. Instead, hang them on a hanger or roll them loosely and store them in a cotton or muslin cloth.
  3. Direct sunlight can cause the colors of the saree to fade and the delicate fabrics to deteriorate. Keep your Jamawar saree away from direct sunlight and store them in a dark, cool place.
  4. Jamawar sarees are delicate and should be handled with care. Avoid pulling on the embroidery or beads, as this can cause them to come loose. When wearing the saree, one should be careful not to snag it on sharp objects or jewelry. 
  5. If your Jamawar saree becomes wrinkled, use a low heat iron or steam iron to remove the wrinkles. 


Handwoven Jamawar sarees made with fine silk or pashmina can cost anywhere from INR 5,000 to INR 50,000 or more.

The price of Jamawar sarees, which are woven using a special technique, can be even higher and can range from INR 10,000 to lakhs of rupees depending on the intricacy of the design and the quality of the fabric.

There are also cheaper options available in the market, such as Jamawar sarees made with blended fabrics or with digital prints, which can be more affordable. These sarees can range from INR 1,000 to INR 5,000. 



Despite its rich history and cultural significance, the future of Jamawar saree is uncertain. One of the biggest challenges that Jamawar saree faces is the competition from other fabrics and designs.

With the rise of fast fashion and western clothing, many women are opting for more contemporary and modern styles. This has led to a decline in demand for traditional sarees like Jamawar.

Another factor that could determine the future of Jamawar saree is the availability of skilled artisans. Jamawar saree is a labor-intensive fabric that requires skilled artisans to create the intricate designs.

With the decline in the number of skilled artisans, the production of Jamawar sarees could be affected.

However, there is still a dedicated customer base for Jamawar sarees among women who value traditional designs and quality fabrics.

Many designers and manufacturers are also incorporating modern elements into the traditional Jamawar design to attract younger customers.

In addition, the global reach of the internet has made it easier for people to access and purchase Jamawar sarees from different parts of the world.

Online marketplaces and e-commerce websites have made it possible for artisans and small businesses to sell their products to a global audience, which has helped in promoting and preserving traditional textiles like Jamawar sarees.

In conclusion, while the future of Jamawar saree is uncertain, it is still a beloved and cherished garment among many Indian women.

With the right marketing strategies and incorporation of modern designs, Jamawar saree can continue to be a popular choice for years to come.