Sarees have been an integral part of Indian culture for centuries. They not only showcase the rich heritage of India but also provide a glimpse into the diversity of the country’s textile industry.
Among the numerous types of sarees, Ghicha silk sarees hold a special place. Ghicha silk sarees are handwoven sarees made from Ghicha silk, which is a variety of silk produced by the eri silkworm.
In this article, we will explore everything to know about Ghicha silk sarees, including their history, features, and popular designs.
WHAT IS GHICHA SILK?
Ghicha silk has been a part of Indian textiles for centuries. The silk is produced by the eri silkworm, which is native to the eastern and northeastern regions of India.
Unlike other types of silk, Ghicha silk is a non-violent silk, which means that the silkworms are allowed to complete their life cycle, and the silk is extracted from the cocoons only after the silkworms have left the cocoons.
ORIGIN AND HISTORY OF GHICHA SILK SAREE
The origin of Ghicha silk sarees can be traced back to the state of Jharkhand in India. Ghicha silk is produced by the Bhagalpur weavers, who are known for their expertise in weaving silk fabrics.
The name “Ghicha” is derived from the Hindi word “ghichha,” which means “waste.”
Traditionally, Ghicha silk was produced using leftover silk fibers, which were too short to be used in the production of Mulberry silk.
These short fibers were spun into yarn and woven into fabric, resulting in a coarse and textured fabric that was ideal for sarees.
Over time, Ghicha silk sarees gained popularity among women in India and became an important part of the country’s textile heritage.
Today, Ghicha silk sarees are produced not only in Jharkhand but also in other parts of India, such as West Bengal and Assam.
Despite the availability of modern machinery, Ghicha silk sarees continue to be produced on handlooms, with many weavers passing down their skills from generation to generation.
This has helped to preserve the traditional techniques and designs associated with Ghicha silk sarees.
HOW IS GHICHA SILK MADE? [WEAVING PROCESS – STEP BY STEP]
- Step 1: Silk rearing: Ghicha silk is produced from the cocoons of wild silk moths. These moths are reared on a diet of natural leaves and their cocoons are harvested for silk production.
- Step 2: Cocoon selection: Once the cocoons are harvested, they are sorted based on their quality, size, and color. Only the best cocoons are used for making ghicha silk sarees.
- Step 3: Degumming: The cocoons are then boiled in hot water to remove the sericin, a natural gum that holds the silk fibers together.
- Step 4: Spinning: After degumming, the silk fibers are carefully extracted from the cocoons and spun into fine threads.
- Step 5: Dyeing: The threads are then dyed using natural dyes made from plants, roots, and flowers. The color and design of the saree are determined during this stage.
- Step 6:Weaving: The dyed threads are then woven into a saree using a traditional handloom. The weavers carefully interlace the threads to create intricate patterns and designs.
- Step 7: Finishing: Once the saree is woven, it is washed and starched to give it a crisp look. The saree is then ironed and packaged for sale.
MAINTENANCE OF GHICHA SILK SAREE
Ghicha silk sarees are delicate and require proper care and maintenance to ensure their longevity. Ghicha silk sarees should only be dry-cleaned to avoid any damage to the fabric.
When not in use, they should be stored in a cool, dry place, preferably wrapped in a muslin cloth.
When wearing or handling a Ghicha silk saree, avoid pulling or tugging on the fabric to prevent any tears or damage.
FEATURES OF GHICHA SILK SAREE
Ghicha silk sarees are known for their unique features, which set them apart from other types of silk sarees such as:
- Texture: Ghicha silk sarees have a unique texture, which is slightly rough and grainy. This texture gives the saree a rustic and earthy feel, making it ideal for casual occasions.
- Durability: Ghicha silk sarees are known for their durability. The silk is strong and sturdy, and the sarees can withstand regular wear and tear without losing their sheen or luster.
- Natural Variations: Ghicha silk sarees come in a variety of natural shades, ranging from off-white to beige, brown, and dark gray. The natural variations in color make each saree unique and add to its charm.
- Design: Ghicha silk sarees are known for their simple and elegant designs. The sarees feature minimalistic borders and pallus.
GHICHA SILK SAREE DESIGNS
Ghicha silk sarees are known for their intricate designs and patterns. The designs often reflect the local culture and traditions of the region.
Floral designs are a popular choice for Ghicha silk sarees. The designs often feature intricate floral patterns in bright and bold colors.
Geometric designs are also a popular choice for Ghicha silk sarees. The designs often feature intricate geometric patterns in bright and bold colors.
Paisley designs are a classic choice for Ghicha silk sarees. The designs often feature intricate paisley patterns in bright and bold colors.
GEOGRAPHICAL PRESENCE OF GHICHA SILK SAREE
Ghicha silk sarees are primarily produced in the eastern states of India, including West Bengal, Jharkhand, Bihar, and Odisha.
These states are known for their traditional weaving techniques and have been producing Ghicha silk sarees for generations.
Among these states, West Bengal is particularly famous for its Ghicha silk sarees, which are made in the districts of Murshidabad, Bankura, and Birbhum.
The Ghicha silk sarees made in Bhagalpur, Bihar, are also well-known for their vibrant colors and rich texture.
CULTURAL SIGNIFICANCE OF GHICHA SILK SAREE
Ghicha silk sarees have a deep cultural significance in India, particularly in the eastern states of West Bengal, Jharkhand, and Bihar.
These sarees are an important part of the traditional attire of women in these states and are worn on special occasions like weddings, festivals, and religious ceremonies.
In addition to their cultural significance, Ghicha silk sarees are also prized for their unique texture, color variations, and durability. Many women consider them to be a symbol of elegance, and sophistication.
BEST OCCASION TO WEAR GHICHA SILK SAREE
Ghicha silk sarees are versatile and can be worn for a variety of occasions.
Ghicha silk sarees are perfect for traditional festivals like Diwali, Dussehra, and Navratri. They are available in a range of colors and designs, making them ideal for festive occasions.
Ghicha silk sarees are also a popular choice for weddings, both for the bride and the guests. They are often also worn for cultural events, such as dance performances.
Ghicha silk saree is available in a variety of colors and designs, making it perfect for both formal and informal events.
HOW TO RECOGNIZE AND DISTINGUISH A GHICHA SILK SAREE
- Texture: Ghicha silk sarees have a unique texture that is rough and slightly coarse, unlike the smooth and shiny texture of other silk sarees like Kanchipuram or Banarasi. The texture of Ghicha silk sarees is a result of the spinning process of the silk yarns.
- Color variations: Ghicha silk sarees have natural color variations due to the use of cocoons that are not uniform in color. These variations can be seen in the saree’s body, border, and pallu.
- Sheen: Ghicha silk sarees have a natural sheen that is more subdued than the lustrous sheen of other silk sarees.
- Designs: Ghicha silk sarees often feature intricate designs that are created using a combination of dyed and undyed yarns. These designs can be floral, geometric, or abstract, and are often unique to the region where the saree is made.
BLOUSE DESIGNS FOR GHICHA SILK SAREE
- Simple and Plain Blouse:
- Printed Blouse:
- Embroidered Blouse:
- Boat Neck Blouse:
- Halter Neck Blouse:
GHICHA SILK SAREE PRICE
On average, a Ghicha silk saree can cost anywhere between INR 1500 to INR 8000. However, some high-end designer sarees can cost even more than INR 10,000.
The price range of the Ghicha silk saree varies depending on the quality, design, and brand of the saree.
- Basic Ghicha Silk Saree: INR 1500 – 3000
- Medium Range Ghicha Silk Saree: INR 3000 – 8000
- High-End Ghicha Silk Saree: INR 8000 – 20,000+
STORES TO BUY GHICHA SILK SAREE ONLINE
LATEST TRENDS AND DESIGNS OF GHICHA SILK SAREES
With the growing popularity of sustainable and eco-friendly fashion, Ghicha silk sarees are becoming more popular among consumers.
The sarees are made using natural fibers and dyes, making them an environmentally friendly option.
The sarees are also an important source of income for many families in rural India, and the production of Ghicha silk sarees provides employment opportunities for weavers and other artisans.
In recent years, Ghicha silk sarees have gained popularity among fashion designers and enthusiasts, who appreciate the unique texture and natural color variations of these sarees.
Many designers have incorporated Ghicha silk sarees into their collections, and they are often featured in fashion shows and exhibitions.
Overall, Ghicha silk sarees have a strong geographical presence in the eastern states of India and are highly prized for their unique texture, color variations, and durability.
Their popularity continues to grow both in India and around the world, making them an important part of India’s rich textile heritage.